The Central State Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Central State museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan is one of the oldest and largest museums in Central Asia. It was founded in the thirties of XIX century under the military school in Orenburg city. One of the initiators of museum foundation was prominent Russian scientist, linguist, the author of the first Russian explanatory dictionary, V. Dal. The next years the museum funds were enriched by the museums' collections of Semirechiye oblast, and in 1929 transferred to the new capital - Almaty. From the 1931 the museum was disposed in the Cathedral building, which was built on the project of the prominent vernyi architect A. P. Zenkov.
The museum got the status of the Central State museum in 1944. Modern museum building was built on the projects of Y. Ratyshnyi, Z. Mustafina and B. Rzagaliev architects in 1985.
The museum's archives count over 300 thousand highly evaluated items on material and spiritual culture of Kazakhs and its expositions are displayed in 7 exhibition halls.
1 - hall: Archeology. The hall consists of paleontology and archeological complexes. The Kazakh paleontology is unique, because confirmed all 12 geological periods. The hall presents animal and flora world's historical development, life evolution on the Earth and also represents the artifacts from 300 sites of the republic: unique abundant osteology materials, the fragments of fossilized trees, insects and fishes' relics and imprints, microscopically plant's pollen the age of last accounts several million years, the mammoth and elephant skeleton, teeth and bones of dinosaurs, a backbone of whale and so on.
The archeology part presents evolutional stairs of the Charles Darwin theory, scientific reconstructions of ancient burial mounds, cult buildings and artifacts of the Stone, Bronze, Iron and Middle Ages of Kazakhstan, the models of architecture constructions, different dioramas by using original archeological monuments, the reconstruction of a prominent «Golden man», and the unique engraved images on rocks, and so on.
2 - hall: Ethnography. The second hall presents the articles of traditional culture, mode of life and occupation of Kazakhs: the rich collection of armaments and warrior armour of XVII – XIX century, jeweler adornments, the various wares of carpet-felt production, manufactured goods, numerous types of Kazakh embroidery, as well as the nomad dwelling of Kazakhs – yurt at its national furnishings, the power attributes of Kazakh khans and sultans, the trade articles, Islam and shaman attributes, utensils, occupation dioramas, traditional games, musical instruments and costumes.
Every exhibit is a masterpiece of nomad civilization of XVIII- XX cc.
3 - hall: Diaspora and Kazakhstan in the II World War. Third hall represents the expositional parts, which reflect the history and culture of ethnical Diasporas inhabiting the territory of Kazakhstan. There are unique pictures, rarity documents, and articles of mode life, painting, graphic and applied arts of the Russians, Ukraine people, Belarus people, Germans, Chechens, Ingush’s people, Turks, Kurds, Uighur, Koreans and other nations in the hall.
The second part presents «Kazakhstan in the II World War» exposition on two themes «Home – to front», «People of Kazakhstan in the II World War».
4 - hall: Sovereign Kazakhstan. The fourth hall of «Sovereign Kazakhstan» reflects the history of Kazakhstan after gaining the independence in 1991 till the present time. There are symbols of the Republic of Kazakhstan – flag, anthem, emblem, constitution, state awards, money, stamps issued in Kazakhstan, as well as materials on economy, education, public health care, culture, science, cosmos, sport, and the gifts to the President of Kazakhstan in the hall.
5 – hall «Open fund» - archeological gold of Kazakhstan. The hall presents original gold articles of the early nomads: Saka, Sarmats, Wu-sun revealed during the excavation of the burial mounds of Shilikty (VII-VI cc. BC), Tarasu (VII-VI cc. BC), Pokrovka (V c. BC), as well as Zhalauly (VIII-VII cc. BC) and Kargaly (II c. BC – I c. AD) treasures and Otrar-Karatau culture’s monuments (IV-V cc. AD) of different regions of Kazakhstan.
Here you can see the art articles, adorning and decorating the clothes and weapons, made in the Scythian - Siberian animal and incrustation styles in the cast, forcing, soldering, cogging, and encrustation techniques.
These invaluable treasures reflect the high degree of culture, ideology and religious beliefs of ancient inhabitants of Kazakhstan and have got the historical continuity in the modern Kazakh art. (entrance ticket - 1300 tenge, excursion is free)
6 – hall «Anthropology museum». Anthropology museum is the only museum in Central Asia where unique anthropological and archeological evidences are demonstrated. On the one hand, they reflect the process of formation of a modern man, descent and settlement of people on the earth, and on the second hand, ethno, racial and genetic history of Kazakhstan.
The exposition is being enriched by three remarkable dioramas: «Primitive society», «Tsar Burial under the Berel kurgan» and «Life of Kazakhs of the 19th century: Ethnographic theme». (entrance ticket – 1000 tenge, excursion is free)
The seventh hall is a collection of artwork by H.G. Khludov (1850- 1935) a distinguished Russian painter, ethnographer and historian, a member of Turkestan group of archaeology aficionados, founder of Semirechye department of the Russian Geographic Society, who moved to Kazakhstan in 1879. Depiction of traditional culture of Kazakh people and beauty of Kazakhstan’s landscapes are central themes in the works of Khludov. The Central State Museum takes pride in the unique collection of 214 paintings by H.G. Khludov.
The official website of the museum: http://www.csmrk.unesco.kz/
Address: Samal - 1, 44 , tel. +7 (727) 264-55-77
The exposition is open - 9.30 - 17.30, closed on Tuesday
Entrance ticket for children – 50 tenge, for students – 70 tenge, for adults – 100 tenge
The museum holds the current exhibitions, as well as takes orders on subject, review excursions, museum lessons, series and exit lectures with traveling exhibitions in the Kazakh, Russian and English languages.
Excursion in Kazakh and Russian – 600 tenge, in English – 2000 tenge
Welcome to the Central State museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan!